Militair Tehuis Bronbeek

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Militair tehuis Bronbeek

Deze film gaat over het leven in het Koninklijk Tehuis voor Oud-militairen en Museum Bronbeek in Arnhem. Het tehuis biedt ouderenzorg aan oud-militairen (veteranen) van de Nederlandse krijgsmacht en het Koninklijk Nederlands Indisch Leger. Het Mediacentrum Defensie won met deze film de eerste prijs op het 24e International Defence Film Festival in Bracciano in Italië.

De film is ingesproken in het Engels.
https://www.defensie.nl/actueel/videos/2014/11/18/militair-tehuis-bronbeek

Film News

http://BoudieRijksschroeff.nl
BOUDIE RIJKSSCHROEFF
A must see film Www.theamerindodream.com

The Hague Film Club (HAF) have given the documentary film www.theamerindodream.com in a competition the first price. The next round will be at a regional level. This will take place in the month of April 2017. Around 35 documentary movies will compete for a top spot.
But do not wait and watch the movie on your computer. Many of you will recognize your own experiences.
In the meantime you can also watch the movie made by Boudie Rijksschoeff called www.spijtoptanten.nl
This movie last about 30 minutes and has won the 1st price as a documentary movie last year 2016.

Tante Laura Geenen

Laura Geenen werd als zesde kind van Augustus Josephus Carolus Geenen en zijn echtgenote Annetta Fransina Eleonora Dumont in de Padang op 16 september 1892 geboren.
Augustus JC Geenen was eerst klerk in Emmahaven te Padang en agent van de Wees- en boedelkamer. Daarna werd Augustus JC Geenen griffier bij de Landraad van Sawahlunto.
Paulus Antonius Caspar Spamer leerde daar Augustus JC Geenen kennen en ook de 20 jarige dochter Laura Geenen, die hij op 30 oktober 1912 te Sawahlunto trouwde.
Het jonge paar vertrok naar Padang omdat PAC Spamer daar bij de Post en Telegraafdienst werkte. In 1918 werd hij daar tot 3e commies bevorderd en in 1919 werd hij benoemd tot Commies bij de Ombilin mijnen te Sawahlunto.

Paulus AC Spamer was reeds eerder in 1899 getrouwd met Antje Buyser. Zij kregen een dochter, Helena Hendrika Sophia, die op 8 augustus 1899 werd geboren. Echter dit huwelijk hield niet lang stand en het eindigde zeer waarschijnlijk rond 17-11-1903.

Laura was het jongste kind van de 6, die vader Augustus JC Geenen en Annette FE Dumont kregen. Na de dood van Laura’s moeder trouwde Augustus JC Geenen met Helena Francina Wilhelmina Maitimo en uit dit huwelijk werden nog eens 4 kinderen geboren.
Het jongste kind was Eddie Geenen, mijn vader.

Ook het huwelijk van Paulus AC Spamer en Laura Geenen hield geen stand en eindigde op een onverwacht moment op 6 december 1929.
Laura trad wat later in het huwelijk met Dick Theuvenet, die op 20-7-1890 was geboren. Ook dit huwelijk hield geen stand en eindigde op 27-2-1942, net voor de Japanse invasie op Sumatra.
Het ontbinden van dit huwelijk had te maken met de arrestatie van Dick wegens verduistering van geld van het bedrijf waar hij werkte. Enkele mensen waren getuige hoe hij werd meegenomen in een motor zijspan door de plaatselijke politie.

In 1943 belande ook Laura Geenen, net als wij, in het Jappenkamp Bangkinang. Maar nu als een alleenstaande vrouw. Na de oorlog heeft ze een man (naam onbekend) uit het mannenkamp Bangkinang leren kennen en is met hem naar Nederland vertrokken. De rest van hun leven hebben ze waarschijnlijk in de Achterhoek doorgebracht.
Laura is in Zwolle, Nederland op 5-4-1971 overleden en ligt ook daar begraven.

Voorheen Nederlandsch Indie

Drie documentaire films “Voorheen Nederlandsch Indie”.

Rice fields on the island of Sumatra

De Avro heeft in de Jaren 90 een documentaire reeks met de titel “Voorheen Nederlandsch Indie” op tv uitgebracht en nu is deze 3-delige film reeks via YouTube te bewonderen.
Deze 3 YouTube films breng de kijker terug in de roerige Indische koloniale tijd van voor de oorlog, de Japanse bezetting gedurende de tweede wereld oorlog en hun concentratie kampen, de Bersiap periode direct na de oorlog en de daarop volgende onafhankelijkheid strijd van Indonesië tussen 1945-1949, waarna op 27 december 1949 Indonesië onafhankelijk werd.

Deel 1: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gvRudG3iowY
deel 2: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aZb3-SgCsOs
deel 3: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6IcjFxcReCA

Zeemansjaren

Scheepswerktuigkundige van 1958 tot 1968 na een opleiding aan de Hogere Zeevaartschool Michel de Ruyter in Vlissingen en geslaagd voor het diploma BM. Gedurende bijna 10 jaar gevaren op de “drecht” schepen van Phs. van Ommeren te Rotterdam. Varen als koopvaardij officier was de enige methode om de toen nog heersende dienstplicht te ontlopen. Men was namelijk vrijgesteld van militaire dienstplicht wanneer men tot de leeftijd van 30 jaar in dienst heeft gezeten van een koopvaardij maatschappij.

Malang City and its diversity

History of Malang, East Java, Indonesia

The Dutch influence on Malang is clearly visible by the houses, cemeteries, schools and other buildings with high windows and many floor levels, which is not the Indonesian way.
A town with a Dutch colonial history, cool climate and a laid back feeling, but also many boulevards bordered by old green trees and good local food.
The only similarity to other cities is the everyday afternoon showers.
The city got its first mayor in 1919, the Dutchman Bussemaker and under his leadership the Dutch areas got extended. He was also involved in the creation of the so-called “Orange neighborhood” that brought even more Dutch influences to this town. This city is especially famous for its cool air and as a result many vegetables and fruits like apples, pears and strawberries are growing. The Dutch married in this town, bought a House, had children and died also here.

Many old colonial buildings are still in good condition and surrounded by wide and less crowded streets. There is more greenery, parks and plants here than in other cities in Indonesia which give the people more space and enjoy the clean air. Even the very old trees alongside the lanes are well taken care off.

There is more greenery, parks and plants here than in other cities in Indonesia which give the people more space and enjoy the clean air. Even the very old trees alongside the lanes are well taken care off.

Malang is also very diverse with its shopping centers, but just a few miles outside the city and you see the rice fields (sawahs).

ross from the city hall is the monument Tugu, which is surrounded by a big and beautiful lilies pond.
The city has also five temples of thousand years old to mention a few like the Candi Singosari, Candi Sumberawan and Candi Badut.

The surrounding area of Malang city are covered by the volcanoes the Bromo, Tenegger and Semeru located in a National Park, the quiet beaches of Balekampang and the apple orchards of Batu in the mountains north of Malang.

My wife and her family (Weise and Lavalette) have lived in the northerly part of Malang, on the road to Batu, which is called Djenggrik.

Lately Malang city was named as one of two National Heritage Cities in Indonesia alongside Sawahlunto, west Sumatra.

Fort de Kock and Bukittinggi, West Sumatra

History of Fort de Kock, today Bukittinggi, the capital of the Minangkabau people on West Sumatra

A small city had its origin created by five villages that served as the basis for a marketplace. In 1825 this little town became a Dutch outpost and fort, which was founded by Captain Bauer and later named after the then Lieutenant Governor-General of the Dutch Indies, Hendrik Merkus de Kock.
Today Bukittinggi is the second biggest city in West Sumatra in about the center of the Minangkabau Highlands and because it is at 930 meters above sea level, the city has a cool climate.

 

The city is the birthplace of some of the founders of the republic of Indonesia, such as Mohammad Hatta. But it was also the chosen home-town of my great-great-grandfather Antoine Cezar Chevalier, who was born in Paris, France on dec.-6-1780 and died in Fort de Kock, Sumatra on april-24-1881, and a couple months over 100 years.
The city has become the center of government, both at the time of the Dutch East Indies and during the Japanese occupation. Later on Bukittinggi has been the capital of Indonesia during the Emergency Government of the Republic of Indonesia (PDRI).
During the Japanese occupation on the Dutch-Indies in World War Two, Fort de Kock was the headquarters for the Japanese 25th Army, the force that occupied Sumatra.
The city was officially renamed to Bukittinggi in 1949 and became the capital of a province called Central Sumatra, which encompassed West Sumatra, Riau and Jambi. In 1958 during a revolt in Sumatra against the Indonesian government, rebels proclaimed the Revolutionary Government of the Republic of Indonesia (PRRI) in Bukittinggi. A couple months later the Indonesian government had recaptured the town.
In October 2007 a group of Muslim men had planned to bomb a café in the city frequented visited by foreign tourists, but the plot was aborted due to risk of killing other Muslims in the vicinity.
Today most of the Minangkabau people still live according to their old family traditions.

 

 

 

But Bukittinggi is also a well-known town under foreign tourist and a favorable visited spot is the Jam Gadang, a clock tower located in the heart of the city, which is also a symbol for the city.

Antoine Cezar Chevalier was born in Paris, France on dec.-6-1780 and died in Bukittinggi (before Fort de Kock), on Sumatra on april-24-1881, a couple month over 100 years. He is my great-great-grandfather from mother’s side.

Padang Panjang, west Sumatra

Padang Panjang (means “long Field”) is located in the cool highlands of West Sumatra and the main road through Padang Panjang, which links coastal capital, Padang and the highland capital, Bukitttinggi.
It sits on a plateau beneath the Mount Marapi and Mount Singalang.

Padang Panjang is a university town and houses a famous performing arts conservatorium. There are many tiny cafes around the campus where you can have interesting discussions with students and/or just meet some artists.

Or go to the market and charter a horse and cart called a bendi to have a scenic tour.

You also can take the main road between Bukittinggi and Padang and get off at Simpang Lubuk Bunta between Kayu Tanam and Sicicin abt and at the turn there is a bamboo shelter. Somebody there will take you to the water hole Lubuk Bumta. Here is a spring and one of the few clean bathing spots with a little waterfall and is a favorite among locals. This is a spot where male and female bath together recreationally to wash them self, so do not strip here and take your cue from other bathers.

Antoine Cezar Chevalier, my great-great-grandfather had 3 homes and a large piece of land with many fruit trees in this nice small town.

History of Sawahlunto

Because Sawahlunto was my birth town, I tried for many moons to find the history of this town and especially what were there first the place Sawahlunto or the Ombilin coal mines. Then I found the here below article from Hans David Tampubolon from the Jakarta Post that gives me the best answer.

Sawahlunto: A small town that dreams big

Change is the only constant thing — a principle used by the small town of Sawahlunto in West Sumatra to preserve its communities, history and culture.
What used to be a mining town has now turned into a haven that offers its visitors a window to the past.
Surprisingly, the radical change from a mining town into a tourist city began only 10 years ago — a speedy pace considering that mining had been Sawahlunto’s backbone for more than 100 years.

The history of Sawahlunto as a mining town began in 1858, when Dutch researcher C. De Groot van Embden visited the area to look for coal. Van Embden’s effort was later continued by Willem Hendrik de Greve in 1867 and soon after, he discovered there was at least 200 million tons of coal hidden underneath Sawahlunto.
De Greve’s findings prompted the Dutch government to start establishing all the necessary infrastructure for coal mining and in 1888, the area was officially named as the town of Sawahlunto.
Coal production in Sawahlunto began in 1892 and miners started building residences. Most of the miners were “criminals” coming from all over the country after being arrested by the Dutch authorities. Some came from Java and others as far as Papua, making the town highly diverse.

After the country’s independence in 1945, coal mining and production in Sawahlunto were assumed by the newly founded Indonesian government. The Dutch mining company, Ombilin, was nationalized by the new regime and became PT Bukit Asam.
Mining continued until the late 1990s and just like any other natural resources, coal in Sawahlunto depleted so significantly that Bukit Asam decided to stop all operational activities in 1998. Their workers were transported to other mining areas where coal were more available.
The sudden stop in mining in Sawahlunto changed everything. During its peak mining period the town had around 45,000 residents but some 7,000 families left not long after the mining stopped.
Slowly, the town became a ghost town and many predicted that no one would inhabit it after 2005.

But the Sawahlunto administration then took a bold move — radically shifting the town to focus on tourism as its economic backbone.
“We knew we could no longer depend on mining but we also knew that our heritage — gained through our long history and its contribution both to Indonesia and the world — was something significant that we could use to bring in tourists,” said Sawahlunto Mayor Ali Yusuf at his official residence.
The effort to shift Sawahlunto’s paradigm and way of life began in 2001, when then mayor Subari Sukardi, along with the city’s council, of which Ali was a member, issued a regulation on the city’s mission and vision.
The regulation then became the base for further instruments that allowed Sawahlunto administrations to provide all the necessary training for residents to help shift the town into a tourist hub.

“Since 2004, we have provided regular training for farming, building home industries, historical objects, preservation and how to provide tourism services,” Ali said.
Slowly, Sawahlunto regained its economic heartbeat and its residents grew to around 65,000 by the end of last year.
The city’s main incomes now come from tourism and farming.
Ali said that from the city’s Rp 45 billion of real regional income (PAD), some 29 percent came from tourism and 23 percent from farming.
Each year, he said the number of tourists visiting Sawahlunto stood at around 750,000 people per year. “Most of them are domestic tourists at 87 percent,” Ali said.
The Sawahlunto administration utilized the town’s rich mining history as its main tourist attractions.

For example, the Mbah Soero mining tunnel, which was excavated in 1898, has now become one of the town’s major tourist destinations. The tunnel was closed in 1930 and reopened in 2007 to become a tourist attraction.
Despite the tunnel’s popularity, tourists must watch their behavior while visiting.
According to the town’s urban legend, the tunnel is haunted as around 14,000 miners were left for dead without proper burial inside it.
The legend said that in 2007, museum staff found a large human bone inside the tunnel and planned to exhibit it as a tourist attraction. At night, one member of staff dreamed that a spirit came to him, asking him to properly bury the bone.
The exhibition plan was immediately out of the picture and the staff member decided to do what he was told in his dream.
Ali acknowledged the truth behind the legend. “It [the legend] is a fact. It happened. Therefore, behave inside the Mbah Soero tunnel. Stay humble so you do not offend the people who died in there,” Ali said.

Another interesting tourist attraction in Sawahlunto that focuses on its rich mining history is the train museum.
The museum, formerly a train station built in 1918, features a legendary black locomotive called Mak Itam as one of its main exhibitions. During its heyday, the locomotive transported coal from Sawahlunto to Teluk Bayur Port.
At the museum, visitors can also see a variety of train equipment from the Dutch colonial period.

Sawahlunto contributes more than mining to the country’s history. It is also the birthplace and the final resting ground of Muhammad Yamin, who is considered one of Indonesia’s founding fathers along with Sukarno, Mohammad Hatta and Sutan Sjahrir.

Sawahlunto does not stop remembering the past to develop its tourism but it also takes a leap into the future by adding modern tourism spots, such as a 4D cinema and a water recreation complex.
The town also holds an annual international music festival every August to attract more foreign tourists.

If there is one element that needs improvement to boost the town’s tourism, it is probably its accessibility. Currently, visitors have to drive three-and-a-half hours from the province capital Padang on an uphill road with plenty of sharp turns.

Ali said the town aimed to be recognized as one of the world’s heritage sites by UNESCO through its tourism.
“We believe we can do this. It’s our dream to become a recognized world heritage town. We deserve it. We’ve contributed so much to global industry through our coal and natural resources for more than 100 years,” he says.

I place above article on this site because my father Eddie Geenen and I, Ronny Geenen and many other Geenen’s saw the world for the first time, when they opened their eyes in Sawahlunto.