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Did you know?
that the Dutch Government has not compensated its victims of Japanese persecution? Countries such as Britain, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Norway and Germany have!
The Indo-European word was used since the nineteenth century. The front part Indo is derived from the Greek indoi that means India and in turn is derived from Indus. Indo-Europeans are descendants of Europeans who lived in the former Dutch-Indies. Indo is not derived from Indonesia, but this term was coined in 1850 by James Richardson and from 1900 used in academic circles outside the Netherlands and by Indonesian nationalist groups and before that time, the notion Indo-European already excist in the literature.
What is an Indo and who is an Indo?
We Indo people or Indos, Dutch Indonesians, Indo-Dutch, or Dutch-Indos consist of Europeans, Asians, and persons of mixed European–Asian blood and we Indo people have been part and experienced the colonial culture of the former Dutch East Indies. In general Indos or Eurasians are a mixed of Dutch and Indonesian descent. To differentiate us Eurasians from the Totoks, the white Dutch people, we got the name Indos because of our European and Indonesian parentage and intermarriages over many centuries.
I am a “full blooded” Indo, both my parents are Indo, my grandparents and their parents and grandparents were Indo and that up to at least the sixth generation. Before that I have greatgreat grandparent from the Netherlands, France and Portugal, who integrated with Sumatrans, people from Java and Moluccas.
During 1942-1962 the Indo’s became a problem for the Japanese authorities as well as for the Indonesian authorities and also the Dutch government.
Many of the Dutch-Indos had spent the World War 3 1/2 years in Japanese concentration camps. Direct after this war, the bersiap period and after the Republic of Indonesia became an independent state on december 1949, nearly all Dutch Totoks and Dutch Indos had to leave Indonesia. About 300,000 plus Indo-Dutch were involved and most of them moved to the Netherlands.The Netherlands, who just started rebuilding their own country after the WW2 German disaster, were not happy with 250,000 to 300,000 plus poor Dutch-Indos, who have lost everything in their homeland. And many of the Indos have never been in the Netherlands. Some of them went to Australia, New Zealand, Canada and the United States.
Sukarno kicked us out of our mother-land The Dutch-Indies, we were not welcome in our father-land The Netherlands, that is why we had to go to uncle Sam in America.
With the in 1958 created Pastore-Walter Act about 60,000 Indo-Dutch or Indische Nederlanders were allowed to immigrate to the United States. In the Netherlands the wording Indische Nederlander includes all Dutch people who have lived in the former Dutch-Indisch. To differentiate between the two, Eurasians are called Indo and native Dutch are called Totok, which means full blooded. Since Indos are of mixed ancestry many also look European. Indo’s are flexible like the Asian Bambu tree. Especially when life is hard you have to be flexible, but at the same time the Indo can be stone hard.We can be very tough and ambitious, but on the other side Indo’s are very generous when needed.Over the years the Indo culinary culture has made an enduring impact on generally the whole Dutch society. There is no other place outside Indonesia with such an abundance of Indonesian food available. Indos played a pivotal role in introducing Indo rice table and food cuisine to the Netherlands and in many of today’s Dutch kitchens this spicy food becomes integral part of Dutch cuisine.We are Indo’s, not equal, but more different. We are sober and magic. We eat Indonesian food, but also Dutch stew. Some of us are brown with blue eyes; others are blond with black eyes. We are not half Dutch and half Indonesian or whatever you might think. We are something special with our own culture. I do not go along with those who say that we need to adapt to the Dutch or the Indonesian culture; integrate yes, but never assimilate. We are different and ourselves; unique. I am not Dutch or Indonesian. I am an Indo with a particular culture and history. And the Dutch, Indonesians and any other culture must respect that. An Indo culture in all its individuality and uniqueness!
Our feeling is Oriental and we think and talk like a European. Whether we are in China or America, we feel at home everywhere and can well empathize with other nations. We are more World citizens.
Esther Wils writes about the artist Toorop in relation to the exhibition in the Municipal Museum and the associated catalog also:
“it is of course not the intention to see Toorop just as ‘ Indo artist ‘. That would indeed be a strange reduction; Toorop was like his rare partners in crime, the writers Eddy du Perron and Tjalie Robinson and the painter-poet Jan Schlechter Duvall, a world citizen in thinking and acting, and in formal language. A well-traveled, talented, charming and what twisted boy – see his attempts with a dismal, later in his life to keep the Catholic-inspired symbols language passion down. And someone who himself had no trouble with his Indo background, which on the contrary he harbored “, etc.